1. What are industrial gases?
Industrial gases are gaseous materials manufactured for industrial use. The main gases provided are nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrogen, helium, and acetylene. Although many other gases and mixtures are also available in gas cylinders.
The industry that produces these gases, also known as industrial gas, is considered to include the provision of equipment and technology for the production and use of gases. Their production is part of the broader Chemical Industry (where it is often referred to as “specialty chemicals“).
Industrial gases are gases at room temperature and pressure and are used in various industries. These industries include chemicals, electricity, medicine, electronics, aerospace and even food. While these gases are useful, they can be flammable and come with other dangers.
2. Industrial gases are used in which industries?
Industrial gases used in many industries. Including petroleum, petrochemical, chemical, power, mining, steelmaking, metallurgy, environmental protection, medicine, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, food, water, fertilizer, nuclear power , electronics and aerospace.
Industrial gas sold to other industrial enterprises. Typically covers large orders for corporate industrial customers, covering a range of sizes from building a process facility or pipeline down to supplying gas cylinders.
Some commercial scale business is carried out. Usually through local bound dealers, who are supplied wholesale. This business includes the sale or rental of gas cylinders and related equipment to merchants and sometimes the public. This includes products such as helium gas, brewing gas for beer kegs, welding gas and welding equipment, LPG and medical oxygen.
3. Early history of industrial gas
The first natural gas used by humans was almost certainly air when it was discovered that blowing or fanning a flame made it burn brighter. People also use the warm gas from the fire to smoke food and the steam from boiling water to cook the food.
Carbon dioxide gas bubbles form foam on fermented liquids such as beer
- Carbon dioxide has been known since ancient times as a by-product of fermentation. Especially for drinks, first recorded dating from 7000–6600 BC in Jiahu, China.
- Natural gas was used by the Chinese around 500 BC. When they discovered the potential to transport permeable gas from the ground in rudimentary bamboo pipes to where it was used to boil seawater.
- Sulfur dioxide was used by the Romans in winemaking. Because it has been discovered that burning sulfur candles inside empty wine bottles helps them stay fresh and prevents them from smelling of vinegar.
The original understanding included empirical evidence and the premise of alchemy.
However with the advent of the scientific method and the science of chemistry. These gases are better identified and understood. The history of chemistry tells us that several gases have been identified. And either discovered or first during the industrial revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries by chemists in laboratories.
Timeline of detection of various gases such as carbon dioxide (1754), hydrogen (1766), nitrogen (1772), oxygen (1773), ammonia (1774), chlorine (1774), methane (1776), hydrogen sulfide ( 1777), carbon monoxide (1800), hydrogen chloride (1810), acetylene (1836), helium (1868), fluorine (1886), argon (1894), krypton, neon and xenon (1898) and radon (1899).
Carbon dioxide, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, oxygen, ammonia, chlorine, sulfur dioxide and manufactured fuel gases were used in the 19th century, and are mainly used in food, refrigeration, medicine, as well as fuels. materials and gas.
- Carbonated water has been produced since 1772 and commercialized since 1783
- Chlorine was first used to bleach textiles in 1785
- Nitrogen was first used for dental anesthesia in 1844.
- The process of electrolysis of water to produce hydrogen (1869) and oxygen (since 1888).
- The Brin process for oxygen production was invented in 1884.
- Chloralkali process to produce chlorine in 1892.
- Haber process for ammonia production in 1908.
The development of applications in refrigeration also led to advances in air conditioning and the liquefaction of gases.
Carbon dioxide was first liquefied in 1823. The first vapor compression refrigeration cycle using ethers was invented by Jacob Perkins in 1834. A similar cycle using ammonia was invented in 1873. And a cycle. another process with sulfur dioxide in 1876.
- Liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen were both first produced in 1883.
- Liquid hydrogen was first produced in 1898 and liquid helium in 1908.
- LPG was first produced in 1910. A patent for LNG was filed in 1914 with the first commercial product in 1917.
Although no event marks the beginning of the industrial gas industry, many attribute it to the 1880s with the construction of the first high-pressure gas cylinders.
Initially, cylinders were mainly used to capture carbon dioxide during carbonization or in the preparation of beverages. In 1895, refrigeration compression cycles were further developed to allow air to liquefy.
Most notably by Carl von Linde allowing for the production of larger amounts of oxygen and in 1896 it was discovered that large quantities of acetylene could be dissolved in acetone and produced. The absence of explosives allows for safe bottling of acetylene.
A particularly important application has been the development of welding and metal cutting performed with oxygen and acetylene since the early 1900s. As processes for the production of other gases were developed, many other gases were sold. in flasks without a gas generator.
4. The popularity of industrial gases
Industrial gases serve many common purposes in our everyday world. They are naturally divided into three recognizable categories and are transported in cylinders, as bulk liquids or through pipelines. Common types of heaters allow us to warm our homes. Float a balloon and perform dental procedures with no worries.
a. General Atmosphere
- Nitrogen is a reactive gas. It combines with other elements to create everyday uses such as: fertilizers, food preservation, pharmaceutical applications and is also useful in steel-related manufacturing and construction.
- We breathe oxygen to live. But beyond this, oxygen has other practical uses. It is used in welding, in wastewater treatment and can kill bacteria. Oxygen is also an antidote to carbon dioxide poisoning and allows divers to breathe underwater.
- Although not a household name, argon is the basis for the production of a good household product. This gas is present in every type of light bulb in your home and factory.
b. Gas derived from natural gas
- Methane is a double-edged sword of gas. Although it is the main component of natural gas that you use to cook and heat your home. But in the wrong concentration can also be deadly. Known for its “greenhouse effect“, it can be almost as deadly as carbon dioxide. Because of its properties: invisible, odorless and generally flammable.
- Helium is best known for its ability to make balloons fly, but it has a further purpose. It is a preventive gas in the art of arc welding and pressurizing the fuel tanks in rockets.
5. The process of creating industrial gas
Many gases are produced for industrial purposes with a wide variety of applications. The main industrial gases are nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrogen, acetylene and helium. And precise measurements are needed to ensure gas purity.
The industrial gas market includes the production of these high-purity gases, as well as their bottling and shipping. At every stage, gas monitoring is important to prevent the possibility of contamination.
Purity is essential to the industrial gas market. Contamination monitoring to ensure high product purity supports end product safety, efficacy and quality in a variety of industries.
Our analytical solutions are industry proven to support gas purity and pollution monitoring. They use responsive technologies. Precise is capable of measuring very low concentrations and can operate under demanding process conditions.
- Cryogenic gas generation systems are used to produce high purity industrial gases, usually from atmospheric gases. Nitrogen is the most commonly produced gas by this process.
- Most industrial gas are manufactured to meet specified purity. This requires precise monitoring of any contaminants during production to ensure the required quality is met.
Applications of the container
- A glovebox is a sealed container used for manipulating objects in a separate, isolated environment. This is usually an inert environment for safe handling of box contents.
Purity of gas
- Inert gases have a number of applications, and are commonly used in industry to protect a process. To prevent possible explosive or destructive reactions in the air.
UV Drying Cabinet Curing
- Ultraviolet (UV) light is used in many manufacturing applications. To increase production efficiency and reduce potential risks and errors during drying. Gas monitoring ensures product quality.
6. Sing Industrial Gas VietNam
SIG Leading Industrial Gas Solution Provider in Vietnam. Supplying industrial gas, Oxygen gas, Argon gas, CO2 gas, pure gas, Acetylene C2H2, Dissolved Acetylene (D.A) gas, mixing gas and Ethylene gas
The gas that produces the highest heat and is the most efficient. Acetylene (C2H2) provides high productivity thanks to good heat concentration and minimal heat loss. It also needs the lowest amount of oxygen to ensure complete combustion.
This flammable and colorless gas is lighter than air so it does not accumulate in low places where it could be a potential hazard. At our factory, acetylene is produced by the reaction between calcium carbide and water.
The ability to produce a low-moisture flame makes this gas a good choice for many critical heating processes. Typical applications include spark heating, spark drilling, welding, and spark hardening. Spark cleaning, spark straightening, heat spraying and carbon coating.
Acetylene is supplied as dissolved in acetone (DA). In specially designed flasks to prevent decay. We supply gas bottles and DA pallets. Customers can also refill acetylene at our factory.
Carbon dioxide is a colorless, liquefied gas that can cause asphyxiation at high concentrations. There are different sources to collect Carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide can be obtained from natural springs, limestone kilns.Fermentation and gas flow from chemical and petrochemical plants.
Carbon dioxide is most commonly used in the food and beverage industry. From carbonated drinks and wine storage to changing the atmosphere for packaged foods.
Carbon dioxide in solid state – increasingly commonly used as a refrigerant. In electromechanical systems due to its environmental benefits. CO2 is also an extremely effective and environmentally friendly cleaning agent. In agriculture, Carbon dioxide can be used to promote growth in greenhouses. As a raw material for the production of bio-algae oil (green crude oil).
We supply CO2 in gaseous form or compressed liquid Carbon dioxide in gas bottles, pallets, LGCs and ISO storage tanks depending on the customer’s application needs.
Argon (Ar) is a colorless, odorless inert gas and does not react with other substances. In high concentrations, argon can cause asphyxiation. Argon exists in the atmosphere (concentration 0.93%), Argon is usually produced by gas separation. Argon is produced in our gas separation plant along with oxygen and nitrogen.
Argon has many different applications in many industrial services. One of the most common uses is as a cover for arc welding – in its pure form or in a mixture with other gases. It is one of the main gases used in gas mixtures pumped into incandescent, fluorescent and electronic lamps. Argon is also widely used in laser technology and in laboratories.
We offer argon in gas and liquid form. Argon gas is delivered in 40L, 50L gas bottles and pallets or loaded into customer bottles at the filling station in the factory. Liquid argon gas is delivery systems by LGC, ISO tank or pumped directly at the factory.
Nitrogen (N2) makes up most of the air in the earth’s atmospheric gases, making up 78.08% of the total mass. Nitrogen is odorless, tasteless, non-toxic and almost completely inert in gas and liquid forms. It can cause asphyxiation at high concentrations. Nitrogen is produced in large quantities at our gas separation unit.
One of the main uses of nitrogen is in coatings and cleaning in the food and chemical industrial services. In liquid form, it is used as an agent for freezing foods, storing biological materials, performing cryosurgery and in cold crushing of plastics and rubber. Nitrogen is also widely used in the semiconductor industry, electronics and laboratories
We offer nitrogen in gas and liquid form. Nitrogen gas is delivered in 40L, 50L gas bottles and pallets or loaded into customer bottles at the filling station in the factory. Liquid nitrogen gas is delivery systems by LGC, ISO storage tanks or pumped directly at the factory.
Oxygen (O2) is a colorless, odorless gas, but it is pale green in liquid form. Oxygen is an important ingredient for most life forms on earth. We absorb oxygen in the air we breathe. Oxygen is produced in our factory through liquefaction technology and air distillation in the air separation unit.
The main industrial application of oxygen is as a fuel for combustion. Many materials that would not normally burn in air will burn in oxygen. Thus mixing oxygen with air enhances combustion efficiency in the iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, glass and concrete industries. Oxygen is commonly combined with fuel gas for cutting, welding, rock welding and glass blowing. Provides a higher temperature flame and is more efficient than air. In the technology of using oxygen, plasma and laser raw materials, oxygen gas is used to cut steel. In addition, Oxygen is also widely used in many other industries such as petrochemicals. And chemical, medical and healthcare, food industry…
We provide oxygen in gas and liquid form. Oxygen gas is delivered in 40L, 50L gas bottles and pallets or loaded into customer bottles at the filling station in the factory. Liquid oxygen is delivery systems by LGC, ISO storage tanks or pumped directly at the factory.
Mixing gas supply
Mixed gas also known as mixed gas. Compressed air containing more than one type of gas and evenly mixed according to the set parameters. Depending on the purpose and needs of use, there will be gas mixtures with different components.
Mixing gas is used in the fields of research, experiment, production, industry, equipment calibration. The demand for mixing gas is increasing with the development of industrial services.
- Calibration of laboratory equipment.
- Monitoring technological gas flows for example: controlling technological processes of measuring equipment in oil and gas.
- Radiation control.
- Create a standard environment.
- Check fire alarms.
- Test measurement in the tracking network.
- Diagnosis and treatment in medical…